Are Logistic Companies Waking up to Trade Finance?
The logistics industry has a complex structure of players that enable products sourced globally to get to the last mile destination. There are freight forwarders, Regional and Global Ocean Carriers, air freight, Non Vessel owning 3PLs and others that provide a range of services.
Most logistic providers have not progressed with supply chain finance solutions. Until recently, UPS was the only game in town. Few people know that UPS bought a bank back in 2001, First International Bancorp, and got into the factoring business. Today, they focus on three finance solutions:
Hong Kong, Singapore to Collaborate on DLT Trade Finance Platform
Hong Kong’s banking regulator and de facto central bank has announced a new collaboration with Singapore aimed to digitize trade finance using distributed ledger technology (DLT).
Making the announcement today at a fintech event, the CEO of the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA), Norman Chan Tak-lam, said the joint project with the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) will focus on a DLT proof-of-concept called the Hong Kong Trade Finance Platform (HKTFP).
Already having seen involvement from seven Hong Kong-based banks, the project is designed to digitize trade documents and reduce risk and fraud in the industry. Ultimately, the authorities plan the creation of a cross-border infrastructure that would serve as a bridge between HKTFP and a similar trade platform in Singapore.
Corda for Cargo: R3 Inks Another Trade Finance Partnership
In its latest effort to use distributed ledgers to modernize the paper-intensive business of trade finance, R3 has agreed to work with Bolero on an electronic bill of lading service.
Announced Monday, the partnership follows R3’s pilot with Japanese financial giant Mizuho to digitize letters of credit and bills of lading, and a trade finance app developed by 11 international banks using the consortium’s Corda platform.
R3’s newest partner, the U.K.-based Bolero, already offers an electronic bill of lading and title registry, with a common legal framework, but the reach of that service will be extended by developing an oracle on Corda, the companies said.
Part of R3’s broader mission is to “help connect digital islands,” Todd McDonald, a co-founder and head of partnerships at R3, told CoinDesk.
Global Trade Finance Market Research Report 2017-2022
Bharat Book Bureau announces the addition of the report “Global Trade Finance Market Research Report 2017-2022 by Players, Regions, Product Types & Applications [https://www.bharatbook.com/business-market-research-reports-952808/global-trade-finance-players-regions-product-types-applications.html ] ” to its offering.
The global Trade Finance market is valued at XX million USD in 2016 and is expected to reach XX million USD by the end of 2022, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2016 and 2022. This report offers an overview of the market trends, drivers, and barriers with respect to the Trade Finance market. It also provides a detailed overview of the market of different regions across United States, Europe, China, Japan, India, Southeast Asia and Others. The report categorizes Trade Finance market by By Activity, By Scope, and application. Detailed analysis of key players, along with key growth strategies adopted by them is also covered in this report on Trade Finance market is valued at XX million USD in 2016 and is expected to reach XX million USD by the end of 2022, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2016 and 2022.
BNY Mellon becomes partner bank in ADB’s Trade Finance Program
BNY Mellon has become a partner bank in the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) Trade Finance Program (TFP).
The agreement, made official at a signing ceremony during Sibos, covers a range of trade finance instruments, including loans and guarantees, and will allow BNY Mellon to continue its strong growth in Asian trade services by facilitating support to a wider range of customers, including small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).
Backed by the ADB’s AAA credit rating, the TFP enables companies throughout Asia to engage in import and export activities through the provision of loans and guarantees by ADB’s partner banks. Since 2009, the program has supported over 9,200 SMEs across developing Asia – totaling over 13,000 transactions valued at over $25.5 billion. Sectors range from commodities and capital goods, to medical supplies and consumer goods.
Africa drives Access Bank’s trade finance growth
The Access Bank UK Limited, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Access Bank Plc, a Nigerian Stock Exchange-listed company, has witnessed strong growth in its trade finance business linking the Middle East region with Nigeria and other sub-Saharan markets, Jamie Simmonds, CEO of The Access Bank UK told Gulf News in an interview.
The bank which began its Dubai operations from the Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC) in 2015 said the DIFC office has become a regional business hub for the bank, attracting trade finance deals from across the Middle East and from Asia.
The bank works on a five-year plan and matches the liability side of the balance sheet with planned asset growth. In addition to the capital raised from its parent, the liability side is significantly supported by customer balances, Simmonds said.
Trade finance needed to foster intra-African trade
East and southern Africa leads in intra-African trade with the highest share of between 18 and 19 percent, which reflects Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and Southern African Development Community’s (SADC) effective agenda in consolidating trade and development in Africa.
North Africa and Central Africa have the lowest share of intra-African trade of 5.3 and 2.1 percent, respectively.
This information is contained in the Trade Finance in Africa Survey Report by the African Development Bank Group published in September 2017, which tracks the changes that have occurred in the trade finance market in Africa during the period 2013-2014.
De-risking in trade finance: time to act
As financial authorities express concern about de-risking in correspondent banking, a similar phenomenon is emerging in trade finance, driven by the high costs of KYC compliance.
There is a danger that some banks in some regions, such as Africa, will have difficulty connecting to the trade finance world. Banks need to collaborate to help corporate clients to connect with their customers and address the still unsatisfied demand for international trade services.
De-risking is a hot topic in the cash clearing universe as some correspondent banks withdraw from certain countries, currencies, or products to control costs and risk. At the same time, de-risking is becoming a phenomenon in the trade universe for the same reasons.
Banks’ correspondent relationships are conducted via Swift’s global network, which numbers 11,000 banks in 200 countries. Via Relationship Management Application (RMA) keys, banks can connect with each other. The RMA is a Swift-mandated filter that enables financial institutions to define which counterparties can send them FIN messages. Any unwanted traffic is blocked at the sender level, reducing the operational risks associated with handling unwanted messages and providing a first line of defence against fraud. RMA Plus, a more granular version of RMA, goes one step further by letting institutions specify which message type(s) they want to receive from, and send to, each of their counterparties.
Hopes raised as first African bank joins trade finance fintech platform
South Africa’s Standard Bank has become the first African bank to join CCRManager’s digital trade finance platform, a global project to ease trade and supply chain finance distribution.
CCRManager (CCRM), a fintech firm backed by the Monetary Authority of Singapore, launched its platform earlier in the year, as previously reported by GTR.
Thirteen banks across 11 countries are already members of the platform, transacting live deals. These include Bank of China, DBS Bank, ICICI Bank, Swiss Re Corporate Solutions, UniCredit, BBVA, Yes Bank and now Standard Bank. The remaining banks are based in Japan, Hong Kong, Middle East and UK, but have not been named.
Sponsored roundtable: Assessing India’s trade finance scene
GTR: The current government of India has been taking steps to make trading and transacting simpler and easier. How do you assess the progress that’s been made on that front?
Somasekhar: In India, we have a robust foreign trade policy compared to three decades earlier. When we see the foreign trade policy, many of the items are becoming freely importable. The documentation part of the foreign trade policy has gradually been simplified over a period of time. Previously, we had around 21 to 25 documents that a customer had to submit to the authorities. Today, it has been reduced to seven or eight documents. There has been simplification of documents over the past several years in this regard.
One issue is with physical documents. Although many of the banks have completed their digitalisation process, the synchrony with customs was not available and is now being looked into. The customer gives the documents to the bank. In some cases, the bank has an interface with the customer systems, but banks in turn do not have an interface with the customs offices. This maintains the need for the physical documents to ensure that we adhere to the guidelines of customs or the regulator.
Verma: The Export Data Processing and Monitoring System (EDPMS) and Import Data Processing and Monitoring System (IDPMS) are great developments on that front. What did not happen in the last five decades has happened in the last two and a half years. It is a great change that I see. While there are a few teething issues, we believe that it is a great step in the right direction.
Somasekhar: We agree it is a positive step. Compared to 20 or 30 years back when banks were generally dealing in physical documents today, we are able to at least see them in the system once the data is uploaded by customs. We can be sure that goods have come into the country or gone out of the country. But still, there are some bottlenecks. For example, when goods are delivered in manual ports, there is no entry in the EDPMS or the IDPMS immediately but only at a later date.